Meeting 2/2

Crawford County Search and Rescue meeting this coming Tuesday 7 pm at the EOC: 1820 Chestnut. Will be working on ropes and knots for the February 20 th repelling class at Fern.



The MOUNTED SARTECH III level of certification is the beginning level of Credentialing for Mounted (Equine) SAR personnel. This level is recommended for any person who responds to and functions on SAR mission doing so on an equine. Persons who obtain this certification are to function within the limits of the certification described by NASAR’s as a MOUNTED SARTECH III. NASAR currently has no course that teaches the knowledge to challenge the MOUNTED SARTECH III examination.

The examination consists of a (75) seventy-five question written test covering the candidate’s knowledge of mounted search and rescue. A passing grade is 70% or above.

The written exam includes questions from the following topics:
•Incident Command System
•Basic Horsemanship
•ASTM F2794 contents
•Equine Handling Requirements
•Basic SAR Knowledge
•Search Operations
•Trailer and Towing

Certification Levels for NASAR Mounted Credentialing currently consists of MOUNTED SARTECH III. This examination is based on the ASTM Standards for Mounted Search and Rescue. The MOUNTED SARTECH standard is formulated by the National Association for Search and Rescue (NASAR) and recognized by many states and agencies.

The SARTECH program is an evaluation processes not a learning process. Candidates demonstrate basic SAR competency through written tests and practical skill demonstrations of search and rescue skills.

Upon successful completion of the requirements, a certificate will be issued to the person by NASAR. This certificate does not constitute a license to practice the skills taught in a training program or to practice the knowledge and performance skills that have been evaluated. The certificate does signify that the person holding the certificate has met the requirements of an established standard of knowledge and/or performance skill on the date indicated on the certificate.

Completion of any NASAR sponsored courses is not required for the candidate to challenge Mounted certification examination. The candidates training may come from any available source the candidate chooses.

Candidates who successfully complete the evaluation process will receive a certificate and patch from NASAR signifying their certification level. NASAR requires re-certification for SAR Tech Certifications. All Certifications have a three (3) year expiration date. An individual can maintain their certification through continuing education or retesting.

Current NASAR Search and Rescue Technician (SARTECH) II
ICS-200 ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
IS-700 National Incident Management System, An Introduction
IS-5.A – An Introduction to Hazardous Materials
Current CPR certification
American Red Cross or equivalent Basic First Aid course or higher medical training
Completed NASAR Mounted SAR Tech III Task Book.
Crime Scene Preservation course
Documentation of Equine is a minimum 4 years of age

search horse

Urban Search and Rescue

Urban search and rescue (US&R) involves the location, rescue (extrication), and initial medical stabilization of individuals trapped in confined spaces. Structural collapse is most often the cause for people being trapped, but individuals may also be trapped in transportation accidents, mines, and collapsed trenches.

Urban search and rescue is considered a “multi-hazard” discipline, as it may be needed for a variety of emergencies or disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, typhoons, storms, tornadoes, floods, dam failures, technological accidents, terrorist activities, and hazardous materials releases. The events may be slow in developing, as in the case of hurricanes, or sudden, as in the case of earthquakes.

In addition to the individual task forces, the System has three rostered Incident Support Teams (IST). An IST provides a group of highly qualified specialists readily available for rapid assembly and deployment to a disaster area to manage and support deployed system task forces. They also furnish federal, state, and local officials with technical assistance in acquiring, coordinating, and using US&R resources.

A Type I task force is made up of 70 multi-faceted, cross-trained personnel who serve in six major functional areas to include: search, rescue, medical, hazardous materials, logistics and planning. This task force also includes technical specialists such as physicians, structural engineers, and canine search teams. A task force is able to conduct physical search and heavy rescue operations in damaged or collapsed reinforced concrete buildings. Each task force can be divided into two 35 member teams to provide 24 hour search and rescue operations. The task forces can also be configured as a Type III US&R task force for searching lighter construction usually encountered in weather related events such as hurricanes and tornados. Self-sufficient for the initial 72 hours, the task forces are equipped with convoy vehicles to support over-the-road deployments.

What the task force can do:
•Conduct physical search and rescue operations in damaged/collapsed structures.
•Emergency medical care for entrapped survivors, task force personnel and search canines.
•Reconnaissance to assess damage and needs and provide feedback to local, state and federal officials.
•Assessment/shut off of utilities to houses and other buildings.
•Survey and evaluate hazardous material threats.
•Provide structural and hazard evaluations of buildings needed for immediate occupancy to support disaster relief operations.
•Stabilizing damaged structures, including shoring and cribbing.
•Hazardous Materials Equipment Push Packages (HEPP) for operations in a contaminated environment.
•US&R operations in a water environment.

The origins of the FEMA Task Forces goes back to the early 1980s when the Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department and Metro-Dade County Fire Department created search and rescue teams to deal with rescue operations in collapsed buildings. The State Department and the Office of Foreign Disaster Aid requested the help of these teams to assist with rescue operations in the 1985 Mexico City, the 1990 Luzon and the 1989 Leninakan earthquakes.

Seeing the value in having a network of such teams in the United States, FEMA created the National Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) Response System in 1989. In 1992, the concept was incorporated into the Federal Response Plan first published in 1992 and was later retained in the National Response Plan and the National Response Framework. FEMA sponsored 25 national urban search-and-rescue task forces. The number of teams has expanded to 28 since 1991.[1]